What is Root Canal Therapy and How Is It Done?

What is Root Canal Therapy and How Is It Done?

Jun 01, 2021

When you have a decay that extends to the inner part of the teeth, but not too extensive to warrant an extraction, the dentist will recommend a root canal treatment. This is a procedure done to remove the infected pulp, replace it with a filling and cover the teeth with a crown to restore the strength of the teeth. The primary purpose of the root canal treatment in Brookfield, CT, is to preserve your teeth.

What is the Root Canal?

To understand how the root canal treatment works, it is important to know the anatomy of the teeth. Our teeth have three layers; the enamel, the dentin, and the pulp cavity. The pulp chamber is a soft layer that houses nerves and blood vessels that nourish the teeth during the growth stage. The pulp loses this function once the teeth have attained maturity. However, it is still important because any damage to the pulp can cause pain and discomfort.

The root canal causes include bacterial infection and multiple dental procedures that affect the pulp cavity. When it is damaged, the dentist will need to remove it to preserve the teeth.

What Are the Signs You Need Endodontic Treatment?

There are several signs to pay attention and they include:

  • Severe pain when chewing food
  • Pimples in the gums
  • Chipped and cracked teeth
  • Swollen and tender gums
  • Lingering tooth sensitivity
  • Darkening gums

How is the Endodontic Treatment?

Root canal procedure is done in two dental visits and it involves several steps:

  • Dental examination

Our dentist will begin the process by doing a comprehensive dental assessment to check the condition of the teeth and gums. A radiograph is done to examine the jaw bone and the surrounding tissues.

The dentist will also explain the steps involved in getting the root canal procedure and what you can expect.

  • Cleaning of the canal

Local anesthesia is used to numb the gums and reduce discomfort. At times, dental sedation is used to relax you if you have a phobia. The dentist will use a protective sheet to separate the affected teeth and keep them dry.

The dentist will open the teeth to access the pulp cavity and clean it by removing the damaged areas.

  • Shaping and filling the cavity

The area is shaped in preparation for a dental filling. A gutta-percha, a biocompatible material, is placed on the cavity. A block of adhesive cement is then used to cover the cavity and a temporary filling is used to close the chamber.

  • Placing the crown

On your second dental visit, the dentist will fix the dental crown to restore the strength and function of the teeth. Sometimes, the dentist places a post in your teeth, if you lack sufficient structure to hold the crowns in place.

What Can You Expect After?

After the root canal treatment, you will experience tooth sensitivity, swelling, inflammation, and an uneven bite. These problems will clear after some time, but the dentist will prescribe pain medication and antibiotics to prevent an infection.

It will take a few days to recover and gain full function of the teeth. However, during this time, it is important to avoid eating chewy, spicy, and hard foods.

Will You Need Additional Treatment?

Most endodontic treatments are successful and can last as long as your natural teeth. But, in a few cases, the endodontic treatment can fail and the teeth do not heal and the pain continues. This may cause pain and affect the teeth, and the dentist will redo the root canal treatment.

Factors like deep decay, new teeth trauma, broken dental fillings, or canals can cause the endodontic treatment to fail.

What Happens If You Don’t Get Root Canal?

If you don’t get the root canal treatment on time, the infection will spread to the surrounding tissues, which causes damage to the teeth. Severe decay will lead to the removal of your teeth. An extraction will leave large spaces between your teeth, which can weaken the dental structure.

Schedule an Appointment

Visit The Dental Team if you notice darkening gums, pain when chewing food, or lingering tooth sensitivity.